A research paper is different from a research proposal (also known as a prospectus), although the writing process is similar. Research papers are intended to demonstrate a student’s academic knowledge of a subject. A proposal is a persuasive piece meant to convince its audience of the value of a research project. Think of the proposal as the pitch and the paper as the finished product.
Research paper writing consists of several stages. The first stage consists of choosing a relevant topic and making a thesis statement that shows the objectives and goals of your investigation. It is followed by the research and experimental stage during which a student studies the matter, works with relevant literature, and collects data for the written part of this project. Then you have to write the paper itself. The last stage is less stressful as you already have all the necessary information and only need to analyze and present it in a proper manner, however, it requires knowing and following the basic principles of academic writing.
Now that you have carefully worked through your evidence, write a conclusion that briefly summarizes your findings for the reader and provides a sense of closure. Start by briefly restating the thesis statement, then remind the reader of the points you covered over the course of the paper. Slowly zoom out of the topic as you write, ending on a broad note by emphasizing the larger implication of your findings.
The introduction is, in many respects, the conclusion written in reverse: start by generally introducing the larger topic, then orient the reader in the area you’ve focused on, and finally, supply the thesis statement. Avoid repeating exact phrases that you already used in the conclusion.
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