Depending on your paper rubric, class guidelines, or formatting guidelines, you may have to organize your paper in a specific way. For example, when writing in APA format you must organize your paper by headings including the introduction, methods, results, and discussion. These guidelines will alter the way you craft your outline and final paper.
Most research papers begin with a thesis statement at the end of an introductory paragraph. Even if it’s not a requirement, it’s a good idea to write a thesis statement as you begin to organize your research. Writing the thesis statement first is helpful because every argument or point you make in your paper should support this central idea you’re putting forward.
Any information that doesn’t fit within the framework of your outline, and doesn’t directly support your thesis statement, no matter how interesting, doesn’t belong in your research paper. Keep your focus narrow and avoid the kitchen sink approach. (You know, the one where you throw in every bit of interesting research you uncovered, including the fungal growth in the U-joint of your kitchen sink?) Everything you learn may be fascinating, but not all of it is going to be relevant to your paper.
Every type has a different aim. An argumentative work has to show a few sides of a particular issue and provides arguments in favor of one of them, a definition project aims to provide a clear explanation and analysis of one specific matter. Cause and effect research paper writing requires you to present a logical chain of causes and effects that relate to the selected issue, while reports simply outline a study (or studies) that were conducted previously. Interpretive papers are similar to definition ones. Compare and contrast ones, as a rule, describe the same issue from the perspectives of two different authors (scientists), while analytical research paper writing requires you to create a deep analytics of various opinions regarding the same issue.
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